South Taurid Meteors ~ Early November


Feature chart above: If you trace the South Taurid meteors backward, they all appear to radiate from the constellation Taurus the Bull. But you don’t have to identify Taurus to watch the South Taurid shower.

This year, in 2014, the peak of the South Taurid meteor shower is expected to fall in the next few days, within a day or so of the November 2014 full moon. Talking about bad timing! But if you’re game, give this meteor shower a try between midnight and dawn on November 5 and 6. On a moonless night, you can see about five South Taurid meteors per hour.

View larger South Taurid meteor. Note the Pleiades star cluster above the meteor, and the bright star Aldebaran roughly midway between the Pleiades and the meteor. Image credit: Rocy Raybell

The other Taurid shower – the North Taurids – should add a few more meteors to the mix. The forecast calls for the North Taurid shower to be raining down the most meteors a week or so after the South Taurid peak, on the night of November 11-12. The moonlight will be somewhat less intense, though it’ll still be a rather bright waning gibbous moon lighting up the night of November 11-12.

As a general rule, the Taurid showers do not exhibit strong peaks. The two Taurid showers tend to overlap and to plateau in activity during the first few weeks in November. On any given night, these rather slow-moving meteors produce the greatest numbers in the few hours after midnight, perhaps up to 10 meteors per hour on a moonless night. Although a modest shower, the Taurids can surprise you with a flamboyant fireball or two!

The radiant points for these two November meteor showers – the South Taurids and North Taurids – are both in the constellation Taurus the Bull. If you trace the paths of shower meteors backward, you’ll find the meteors appear to radiate from a distinct point in the starry sky. As can be expected, the radiant point for the South Taurids is found in southern Taurus, while that of the North Taurids is found in northern Taurus.

Taurus the Bull – the Taurid showers’ radiant point – climbs upward during the evening hours and reaches its highest point in the sky after midnight. As a general rule, the higher that Taurus appears in your sky, the more Taurid meteors that are likely to fly. Taurus itself is full of interesting things to see such as the Pleiades star cluster, the V-shaped Hyadescluster with bright Aldebaran in its midst.

Click here for a larger chart.

EarthSky’s meteor shower guide for 2014

You don’t need to find Taurus to watch the Taurid shower, for these meteors streak all over the sky.

Bottom line: The annual South Taurid meteor shower peaks in early November 2014. Because the Taurids are known for putting out bright fireballs, you might even see one or two in the glare of the almost full moon.

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